What is the cause of Cleft Lip-Palate? Who has it?

Cleft Lip-Palate (CLP) is one of the most common congenital anomalies. Whereas cleft lip can be unilateral or bilateral and can occur alone or together with a cleft palate. While the etiologic factors responsible for CLP are not completely known, there are many factors responsible for it. It is known that both genetic and environmental factors have a role in cleft lip cases with or without cleft palate and isolated cleft palate cases. ⠀

Mother’s malnutrition, exposure to radiation, smoking, use of alcohol and drugs, stress, Vitamin A deficiency or excess, folic acid deficiency, diabetes and a series of other diseases during pregnancy cause this condition. ⠀

Giving birth in advanced ages and high age difference between the mother and the father are also known to be associated with the occurrence of CLP whereas consanguineous marriages, which are common in our country, are known to increase the chances of passing this condition down to the family.

Dudak - Damak Yarıkları | Prof. Dr. Mithat Akan

We have compiled a list of questions frequently asked by families about Cleft Lip-Palate.
We hope they will give answers to your questions, as well…

Importance of early surgery and timing in Cleft Lip-Palate!

Early surgery in cleft lip-palate can prevent the child from learning wrong coding at the stage of perceiving their own voice, thus it can be easier to overcome the speech problems of the child who can code their voice properly. ⠀

If there is no problem with the development of a baby with Cleft Lip-Palate, the surgery can be performed when the baby is three months old. Furthermore, a surgery performed at the right time using the right techniques can decrease the number of surgeries depending on the degree and type of the cleft lip-palate and give great results in terms of obtaining a normal appearance until the school age. ⠀

Therefore, it is possible to minimize and prevent psychological and social issues when a child born with such anomalies can speak normally and have functioning and aesthetic nose, lips and chin.

What Happens when Cleft Lip-Palate is not Treated?
When do babies born with Cleft Lip-Palate undergo surgery?
What kind of a deformity is Cleft Lip-Palate and what is the prevalence?
What is orthodontics cooperation in surgeries of Cleft Lip-Palate?
What are the chances of success in Cleft Lip-Palate treatment?
Would Cleft Lip-Palate patients require other surgeries later in life?
What is the multidisciplinary approach in Cleft Lip-Palate patients?
Appearance and functions can be corrected with timely interventions in Cleft Lip and Palate!
If parents have had their first baby with a Cleft Lip and Palate, will their second child also have the same anomaly?
Does Cleft Lip-Palate occur the same in every child?
What should be done by the parents who have a baby with a cleft lip-palate?
How should babies born with a Cleft Lip-Palate be evaluated?
How should babies with a Cleft Lip-Palate be fed after birth?
Can Cleft Lip-Palate be detected during pregnancy?

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